Dictionary of Terms World Black Belt - S


Sabom

"Teacher" or "instructor."

Sai

A pronged truncheon about fifteen to twenty inches long, used as a defensive instrument against various weapons such as the sword. It was developed from an Okinawan farming tool.

Sam

The traditional uniform of kung fu

Sambo

Modern Russian Grappling Ar

Samurai

The swordsmen of feudal Japan who were impeccably at a wide variety of martial arts practices, particularly the sword, and served and lord and fief. Masterless samurai were known as "ronin."

Sangdan

"Upper" or "upper level." A directional term used in Korean martial arts.

Sankukai

A style of karate based on a combination of other systems, with an emphasis on escaping techniques and aikido-like defenses.

Sappo

A method of attacking vital points of the body in order to cause a coma or death

Savate

French hand and foot fighting. A method of fighting to the knockout, once popular with the aristocracy of France.

Saya

The scabbard of a samurai sword

Seika tanden

Lower abdomen

Seiken

Forefist

Seishin

"Mind," "soul," or "spirit."

Seito

"Pupil" or "student."

Seiza

"Correct sitting." A full kneeling position used in many martial arts when performing the ceremonial bow or receiving formal instruction.

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